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John Cage

Variations VII

Sources

Primary sources

[“Variations VII” by John Cage: Presentation of October 15, 1966] / [produced by Billy Klüver] (recorded on October 15, 1966, 1 sound reel (32 min., 19 sec.): instantaneous, acoustic). Recording of a performance of “Variations VII,” presented within the framework of “9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering” at the 69th Regiment Armory (New York, N.Y.), October 15 and 16, 1966. Inscription on the original audiotape container: “Schilling.” The Daniel Langlois Foundation for Art, Science, and Technology, 9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering fonds. 9 EV 00031589.

[“Variations VII” by John Cage: Presentation of October 16, 1966] / [produced by Billy Klüver] (recorded on October 16, 1966, 1 sound reel (85 min., 59 sec.): instantaneous, acoustic). Recording of a performance of “Variations VII,” presented within the framework of “9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering” at the 69th Regiment Armory (New York, N.Y.), October 15 and 16, 1966. First recording of the presentation of October 16, 1966. An inscription on the original audiotape container indicates that the performance was picked up by two microphones located on the balcony of the Armory, approximately 40 feet from the sound source. The Daniel Langlois Foundation for Art, Science, and Technology, 9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering fonds. 9 EV 00031590.

[Variations VII by John Cage: Presentation of October 16, 1966] / produced by Billy Klüver] ([recorded on October 16, 1966], 3 sound reels (85 min., 59 sec.): instantaneous, acoustic). Recording of a performance of “Variations VII,” presented within the framework of “9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering” at the 69th Regiment Armory (New York, N.Y.), October 15 and 16, 1966. Second recording of the presentation of October 16, 1966. Inscription on the original audiotape container: “Variations VII by John Cage, copyright 1966 by Henmar Press Inc. NYC, NY.” The Daniel Langlois Foundation for Art, Science, and Technology, 9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering fonds. 9 EV 00031590.

[“9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering” (factual footage) / produced by Billy Klüver ; camera operators: Alfons Schilling and other unknown camera operators] (shot between October 13 and 23, 1966, 24 film spools (c.9 hr.): original, b & w, silent ; 16 and 35 mm + negatives). Film footage of performances by John Cage (Variations VII), Lucinda Childs (Vehicle), Öyvind Fahlström (Kisses Sweeter than Wine), Alex Hay (Grass Field), Deborah Hay (Solo), Steve Paxton (Physical Things), Yvonne Rainer (Carriage Discreteness), Robert Rauschenberg (Open Score), David Tudor (Bandoneon! (a combine)) and Robert Whitman (Two Holes of Water-3) within the framework of “9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering,” held at the 69th Regiment Armory (New York, N.Y., United States), from October 13 to 23, 1966. The length of the films does not match that of the performances as presented at the Armory in 1966. Includes originals and working copies of Alfons Schilling’s footage in view of making the film 9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering (see: 9 EV 00032223). The Daniel Langlois Foundation for Art, Science, and Technology, 9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering fonds. 9 EV 00031590.

[John Cage, “Variations VII”: performance presented within the framework of “9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering,” The 69th Regiment Armory (New York, N.Y., United States), October 15 and 16, 1966 / produced by Billy Klüver ; camera operators: Alfons Schilling and other unknown camera operators ; editing: The Daniel Langlois Foundation for Art, Science, and Technology] (2006 (1966), 1 videocassette (24 min., 58 sec.): digital, BETACAM). Edited factual footage (transferred to video) of “Variations VII” shot in 16 mm film by Alfons Schilling on October 15 and 16, 1966 (see: 9 EV 00031602). The shots have been placed in order to respect - to the extent possible - the sequence of the performance's two presentations. The Daniel Langlois foundation for Art, Science, and Technology, 9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering fonds. 9 EV 00033750.

9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering / produced by Experiments in Art and Technology ; shooting and editing: Alfons Schilling (1966, 1 film spool (24 min., 30 sec.): original, b & w, mono ; 16 mm). Film made from the factual footage shot by Alfons Schilling at the 69th Regiment Armory (New York, N.Y., United States), from October 13 to 23, 1966 (see: 9 EV 00031590). The Daniel Langlois foundation for Art, Science, and Technology, 9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering fonds. 9 EV 00032223.

Simone Whitman interview fragments, 1966 (n.d., 1 sound reel (28 min., 30 sec.): instantaneous, acoustic). Experiments in Art and Technology Records 1966-1993, Research Library, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, California (940003). Reel R28.

Manuscript, 1966 (1972-1973): I Artists: A. John Cage, “Variations VII” / Harriet DeLong; Simone Forti-Whitman; Billy Klüver. Experiments in Art and Technology Records, 1966-1993, Research Library, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, California (940003), Box 1, file 1.

Artists {I} descriptions of their pieces, comments, bios, announcements and some applicable correspondence with Cage, Childs, Fahlström, Deborah and Alex Hay, Paxton, Rainer, Rauschenberg, Tudor and Robert Whitman. Experiments in Art and Technology Records 1966-1993, Research Library, The Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, California (940003). Box 1, Folder 13-14.

John Cage, Variations VII: 7 Statements Re A Performance Six Years Before, (New York: Henmar Press, 1972) [3] p. JPB 94-24, folder 295, 296. Astor-Lenox and Tilden Foundation. Music Division, New York Public Library of Performing Arts.

9 Evenings: Theatre and Engineering, Pontus Hultén and Frank Königsberg eds. ([New York]: Experiments in Art and Technology; The Foundation for Contemporary Performance Arts, [1966]) [12] p.

Secondary sources

William Fetterman, John Cage's Theatre Pieces: Notations and Performances, (Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1996): 282 p. (Contemporary Music Studies; 11).

9 Evenings Reconsidered: Art, Theatre, and Engineering, 1966, edited by Catherine Morris (Cambridge: MIT ; List Visual Arts Center, 2006): 87 p. Published in the occasion of the exhibition “9 Evenings Reconsidered: Art, Theatre, and Engineering, 1966,” List Visual Arts Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., United States, May 4-July 9, 2006 [circulation: Galerie Leonard & Bina Ellen, Concordia University, Montreal, Que., Canada, March 7-April 28, 2007].

Billy Klüver; Julie Martin, E.A.T. - The Story of E.A.T.: Experiments in Art and Technology 1960-2001 (Tokyo: NTT InterCommunication Center, 2003): 173 p. Published in the occasion of the exhibition “The Story of Experiments in Art and Technology,” NTT InterCommunication Center, Tokyo, Japan, April 11, June 29, 2003.

Norma Loewen, Experiments in Art and Technology: A Descriptive History of the Organization (New York: New York University, 1975): 420 p. Ph. D. dissertation delivered at the School of Education, Health, Nursing and Arts Professions, New York University, 1975.

Billy Klüver, “Theatre and Engineering: An Experiment: Notes by an Engineer,” Artforum (Feb. 1967): p. 31-33.

Simone Whitman, “Theatre and Engineering: An Experiment: Notes by a Participant,” Artforum (Feb. 1967): p. 26-30.