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Caroline Langill, Shifting Polarities


Tamas Banovich, Curating New Media: Third BALTIC international seminar, 10-12 May 2001 (Newcastle: BALTIC).

Andreas Broeckmann, “Image, Process, Performance, Machine: Aspects of an Aesthetics of the Machinic,” MediaArtHistories, Oliver Grau ed. (Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2007): 193-206.

Jack Burnham, “Art and technology: The Panacea that Failed,” Myths of Information: Technology and Postindustrial Culture, Kathleen Woodward ed. (Madison: Coda Press, 1980): 200-215.

Darko Fritz and Margit Rosen, “Between Form and Concept - The Positioning of Computer-Based Arts in the Late 1960s.” Time and Landscapes II. REFRESH! The First International Conference on the Histories of Media Art, Science and Technology. Banff Centre for the Arts, Banff, Alberta, Sept 29, 2005:

Sylvie Lacerte, “9 Evenings and Experiments in Art and Technology: A Gap to Fill in Art History's Recent Chronicles,” Artists as Inventors/Inventors as Artists, Dieter Daniels and Barbara U. Schmidt eds. (Berlin/Linz: Hatje Cantz/Ludwig Boltzmann Institute, 2008): 158-175.
Also available on the FDL Web Site:

Paul Lauter, Canons and Contexts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991).

Edward A. Shanken, “Historicizing Art and Technology: Forging a Method and Firing a Canon,” MediaArtHistories, Oliver Grau ed. (Cambridge/London: The MIT Press, 2007): 43-70.

Norman White, “Norm the Artist, Oughtist, and Ne’er-do-well” (accessed 23 May 2008):

Caroline Langill © 2009 FDL